Welcome to Python anonymous function tutorial. In the previous tutorial we learned about Python Recursion.
Python Anonymous Function
Python Anonymous function is a function which has no name. Therefore, we can use Python Anonymous function for a small scope of program. Normally, we define Python function using
def keyword. But we define anonymous function using
lambda keyword. The basic structure of an anonymous function is given below.
lambda arguments : expression
Look closely, that while taking one or more arguments the anonymous function has only one expression. So, if we want to make a function which will calculate sum of two number. The following code will do so;
def sum ( a, b ): return a+b print (sum(1, 2)) print (sum(3, 5))
But, we can convert this function to anonymous function. The code will be like this
sum = lambda a,b: (a+b) print (sum(1,2)) print (sum(3,5))
Why Should We Use Python Anonymous Function
It may seem that we can replace an anonymous function with a regular function. Then, why should we use an anonymous function? Firstly, you may need to do a single task repeatedly across your scope. Therefore, you need a temporary function to do that. With this intension, lambda/anonymous function can help you. Because, anonymous function is valid in between the scope while a regular function is valid in the program.
Expression or Statement
The main confusion about implementing an anonymous function is, not having the ability of differentiating between an expression and a statement. Basically, a statement returns nothing while an expression produces at least one value. Simple mathematical expression like addition, multiplication, division are expressions and can be used in lambda/anonymous function. So, you have to add an expression so that the result of the expression can be returned through the lambda/anonymous function.
Some Use of Lambda/Anonymous Function
Now, we are going to see some common use of lambda. By using map() and filter() function we can change a list using anonymous function. For example, we want increment all the numbers in a list by n. To do so, the code should be like this
#initial list l = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8] #print the initial list print("The initial list is: ") print(l) #choose n n = int(input('Enter the value of n: ')) #increment all the values of the list by using map with help of lambda l = list(map(lambda x: x+n , l)) #print the changed list print("The changed list is: ") print(l)
The output will be
Similarly, if we want to store the common elements of two list into new list, we can use filter. To check if the an element is in List2, we used lambda function. The example code is given below
#initialize list1 list1 = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8] #print list1 print("List1:", end = ' ') print(list1) #intialize list2 for select numbers list2 = [2,3,5,9,12,14] #print list2 print("List2:", end = ' ') print(list2) ''' compare using lambda function if the value is in list2, if yes then filer the result and assign to list3 ''' list3 = list(filter(lambda x: x in list2 , list1)) #print the changed list print"List3 (List1 intersect List2 ):", end=' ') print(list3)
The output of the above program will be
So, that’s all about Python Anonymous Function. Hope that, Python Anonymous Function is clear to you now. For any further query, feel free to use the comment box. Good Luck!